使用PHP扩展php_imagick对图片改变大小、旋转、锐化、减色或增加特效

2014年12月29日 发表评论 阅读评论

php_imagick是PHP对图片处理的一个扩展包,可以完成对图片改变大小、旋转、锐化、减色或增加特效等操作。
一、windows下安装Imagick扩展:

1、下载 ImageMagick并安装

http://image_magick.veidrodis.com/image_magick/binaries/ImageMagick-6.6.2-10-Q16-windows-dll.exe

2、下载php_imagick.dll

http://valokuva.org/outside-blog-content/imagick-windows-builds/php53/imagick-2.3.0-dev/vc9_nts/php_imagick.dll

如果你用的是线程安全的php,请下载
http://valokuva.org/outside-blog-content/imagick- windows-builds/php53/imagick-2.3.0-dev/vc9_zts/php_imagick.dll

3、设置
在php.ini中添加
extension=php_imagick.dll ,重启web server

二、linux下安装Imagick扩展:

1.yum安装ImageMagick

yum install ImageMagick ImageMagick-devel

2.测试是否安装成功 

convert -version

3.安装imagick扩展

wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz
tar xzvf imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz
cd imagick-3.1.0RC2
phpize
./configure
make
make install

4.编辑php.ini文件,在文件末尾添加如下代码

extension=imagick.so

5. 重新启动apache服务器

service httpd restart

三、案例
1. 边框处理

//by www.phpddt.com
header('Content-type: image/jpeg');
$image = new Imagick('test.jpg');
$color=new ImagickPixel();
$color->setColor("rgb(220,220,220)");
$image->borderImage($color,5,4);
$image->blurImage(5,5,imagick::CHANNEL_GREEN);
echo $image;

2.生成缩略图

//by www.phpddt.com
header('Content-type: image/jpeg');
$image = new Imagick('test.jpg');
$image->thumbnailImage(50, 0);
echo $image; 
 

php_imagick实现图片剪切、旋转、锐化、减色或增加特效

 

一个可以供PHP调用ImageMagick功能的PHP扩展。使用这个扩展可以使PHP具备和ImageMagick相同的功能。

ImageMagick是一套功能强大、稳定而且免费的工具集和开发包,可以用来读、写和处理超过185种基本格式的图片文件,包括流行的TIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG, PDF以及PhotoCD等格式。利用ImageMagick,你可以根据web应用程序的需要动态生成图片, 还可以对一个(或一组)图片进行改变大小、旋转、锐化、减色或增加特效等操作,并将操作的结果以相同格式或其它格式保存。

php_imagick是PHP对图片处理的一个扩展包,可以完成对图片改变大小、旋转、锐化、减色或增加特效等操作。
一、windows下安装Imagick扩展:

1、下载 ImageMagick并安装

http://image_magick.veidrodis.com/image_magick/binaries/ImageMagick-6.6.2-10-Q16-windows-dll.exe

2、下载php_imagick.dll

http://valokuva.org/outside-blog-content/imagick-windows-builds/php53/imagick-2.3.0-dev/vc9_nts/php_imagick.dll

如果你用的是线程安全的php,请下载
http://valokuva.org/outside-blog-content/imagick- windows-builds/php53/imagick-2.3.0-dev/vc9_zts/php_imagick.dll

3、设置
在php.ini中添加
extension=php_imagick.dll ,重启web server

二、linux下安装Imagick扩展:

1.yum安装ImageMagick

yum install ImageMagick ImageMagick-devel

2.测试是否安装成功

convert -version

3.安装imagick扩展

01.wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz02.tar xzvf imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz03.cd imagick-3.1.0RC204.phpize05../configure06.make07.make install

4.编辑php.ini文件,在文件末尾添加如下代码

extension=imagick.so

5. 重新启动apache服务器

service httpd restart

三、案例
1. 边框处理

代码如下
复制代码

//by www.111cn.net
header(‘Content-type: image/jpeg’);
$image = new Imagick(‘test.jpg’);
$color=new ImagickPixel();
$color->setColor(“rgb(220,220,220)”);
$image->borderImage($color,5,4);
$image->blurImage(5,5,imagick::CHANNEL_GREEN);
echo $image;

我们先来看个简单的实例

php_imagick程序示例

1.创建一个缩略图并显示出来

代码如下
复制代码

<?php
header(‘Content-type: image/jpeg’);
$image = new Imagick(‘image.jpg’);
// If 0 is provided as a width or height parameter,// aspect ratio is maintained
$image->thumbnailImage(100, 0);
echo $image;
?>

2.创建一个目录下的缩略图,并保存

代码如下
复制代码

<?php
$images = new Imagick(glob(‘images/*.JPG’));
foreach($images as $image) {
// Providing 0 forces thumbnailImage to maintain aspect ratio
$image->thumbnailImage(1024,0);
}
$images->writeImages();
?>

3.缩略GIF动画图片

代码如下
复制代码

<?php
/* Create a new imagick object and read in GIF */
$im = new Imagick(“example.gif”);
/* Resize all frames */
foreach ($im as $frame) {
/* 50×50 frames */
$frame->thumbnailImage(50, 50);
/* Set the virtual canvas to correct size */
$frame->setImagePage(50, 50, 0, 0);
}/* Notice writeImages instead of writeImage */
$im->writeImages(“example_small.gif”, true);
?>

现在我们进入正题吧,

例1

裁切/生成缩略图/添加水印, 自动检测和处理 GIF

调用方式:

代码如下
复制代码

include ‘imagick.class.php’;

$image = new lib_image_imagick();

$image->open(‘a.gif’);
$image->resize_to(100, 100, ‘scale_fill’);
$image->add_text(’1024i.com’, 10, 20);
$image->add_watermark(’1024i.gif’, 10, 50);
$image->save_to(‘x.gif’);

imagick.class.php 

代码如下
复制代码

<?php

class lib_image_imagick
{
private $image = null;
private $type = null;

// 构造函数
public function __construct(){}

// 析构函数
public function __destruct()
{
     if($this->image!==null) $this->image->destroy();
}

// 载入图像
public function open($path)
{
  $this->image = new Imagick( $path );
  if($this->image)
  {
      $this->type = strtolower($this->image->getImageFormat());
  }
  return $this->image;
}

public function crop($x=0, $y=0, $width=null, $height=null)
{
     if($width==null) $width = $this->image->getImageWidth()-$x;
     if($height==null) $height = $this->image->getImageHeight()-$y;
     if($width<=0 || $height<=0) return;
     if($this->type==’gif’)
     {
            $image = $this->image;
         $canvas = new Imagick();
         $images = $image->coalesceImages();
         foreach($images as $frame){
             $img = new Imagick();
             $img->readImageBlob($frame);
                $img->cropImage($width, $height, $x, $y);

                $canvas->addImage( $img );
                $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
                $canvas->setImagePage($width, $height, 0, 0);
            }
            $image->destroy();
         $this->image = $canvas;
     }
     else
     {
         $this->image->cropImage($width, $height, $x, $y);
     }
}

/*
* 更改图像大小
$fit: 适应大小方式
‘force’: 把图片强制变形成 $width X $height 大小
‘scale’: 按比例在安全框 $width X $height 内缩放图片, 输出缩放后图像大小 不完全等于 $width X $height
‘scale_fill’: 按比例在安全框 $width X $height 内缩放图片,安全框内没有像素的地方填充色, 使用此参数时可设置背景填充色 $bg_color = array(255,255,255)(红,绿,蓝, 透明度) 透明度(0不透明-127完全透明))
其它: 智能模能 缩放图像并载取图像的中间部分 $width X $height 像素大小
$fit = ‘force’,'scale’,'scale_fill’ 时: 输出完整图像
$fit = 图像方位值 时, 输出指定位置部分图像
字母与图像的对应关系如下:
north_west   north   north_east
west         center        east
south_west   south   south_east
*/
public function resize_to($width = 100, $height = 100, $fit = ‘center’, $fill_color = array(255,255,255,0) )
{
     switch($fit)
     {
         case ‘force’:
             if($this->type==’gif’)
             {
                 $image = $this->image;
                 $canvas = new Imagick();
                 $images = $image->coalesceImages();
                 foreach($images as $frame){
                     $img = new Imagick();
                     $img->readImageBlob($frame);
                        $img->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, false );

                        $canvas->addImage( $img );
                        $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
                    }
                    $image->destroy();
                 $this->image = $canvas;
             }
             else
             {
                 $this->image->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, false );
             }
             break;
         case ‘scale’:
             if($this->type==’gif’)
             {
                 $image = $this->image;
                 $images = $image->coalesceImages();
                 $canvas = new Imagick();
                 foreach($images as $frame){
                     $img = new Imagick();
                     $img->readImageBlob($frame);
                        $img->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );

                        $canvas->addImage( $img );
                        $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
                    }
                    $image->destroy();
                 $this->image = $canvas;
             }
             else
             {
                 $this->image->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );
             }
             break;
         case ‘scale_fill’:
             $size = $this->image->getImagePage();
             $src_width = $size['width'];
             $src_height = $size['height'];
                $x = 0;
                $y = 0;
                $dst_width = $width;
                $dst_height = $height;

       if($src_width*$height > $src_height*$width)
    {
     $dst_height = intval($width*$src_height/$src_width);
     $y = intval( ($height-$dst_height)/2 );
    }
    else
    {
     $dst_width = intval($height*$src_width/$src_height);
     $x = intval( ($width-$dst_width)/2 );
    }

                $image = $this->image;
                $canvas = new Imagick();
                $color = ‘rgba(‘.$fill_color[0].’,’.$fill_color[1].’,’.$fill_color[2].’,’.$fill_color[3].’)';
             if($this->type==’gif’)
             {
                 $images = $image->coalesceImages();
                 foreach($images as $frame)
                 {
                     $frame->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );

                     $draw = new ImagickDraw();
                        $draw->composite($frame->getImageCompose(), $x, $y, $dst_width, $dst_height, $frame);

                        $img = new Imagick();
                        $img->newImage($width, $height, $color, ‘gif’);
                        $img->drawImage($draw);

                        $canvas->addImage( $img );
                        $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
                        $canvas->setImagePage($width, $height, 0, 0);
                    }
             }
             else
             {
                 $image->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );
                 $draw = new ImagickDraw();
                    $draw->composite($image->getImageCompose(), $x, $y, $dst_width, $dst_height, $image);
                 $canvas->newImage($width, $height, $color, $this->get_type() );
                    $canvas->drawImage($draw);
                    $canvas->setImagePage($width, $height, 0, 0);
             }
             $image->destroy();
             $this->image = $canvas;
             break;
   default:
    $size = $this->image->getImagePage();
       $src_width = $size['width'];
             $src_height = $size['height'];
                $crop_x = 0;
                $crop_y = 0;
                $crop_w = $src_width;
                $crop_h = $src_height;
          if($src_width*$height > $src_height*$width)
    {
     $crop_w = intval($src_height*$width/$height);
    }
    else
    {
        $crop_h = intval($src_width*$height/$width);
    }
       switch($fit)
             {
        case ‘north_west’:
            $crop_x = 0;
            $crop_y = 0;
            break;
           case ‘north’:
               $crop_x = intval( ($src_width-$crop_w)/2 );
               $crop_y = 0;
               break;
           case ‘north_east’:
               $crop_x = $src_width-$crop_w;
               $crop_y = 0;
               break;
           case ‘west’:
               $crop_x = 0;
               $crop_y = intval( ($src_height-$crop_h)/2 );
               break;
           case ‘center’:
               $crop_x = intval( ($src_width-$crop_w)/2 );
               $crop_y = intval( ($src_height-$crop_h)/2 );
               break;
           case ‘east’:
               $crop_x = $src_width-$crop_w;
               $crop_y = intval( ($src_height-$crop_h)/2 );
               break;
           case ‘south_west’:
               $crop_x = 0;
               $crop_y = $src_height-$crop_h;
               break;
           case ‘south’:
               $crop_x = intval( ($src_width-$crop_w)/2 );
               $crop_y = $src_height-$crop_h;
               break;
           case ‘south_east’:
               $crop_x = $src_width-$crop_w;
               $crop_y = $src_height-$crop_h;
               break;
           default:
               $crop_x = intval( ($src_width-$crop_w)/2 );
               $crop_y = intval( ($src_height-$crop_h)/2 );
             }
             $image = $this->image;
             $canvas = new Imagick();
          if($this->type==’gif’)
             {
                 $images = $image->coalesceImages();
                 foreach($images as $frame){
                     $img = new Imagick();
                     $img->readImageBlob($frame);
                        $img->cropImage($crop_w, $crop_h, $crop_x, $crop_y);
                        $img->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );
                        $canvas->addImage( $img );
                        $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
                        $canvas->setImagePage($width, $height, 0, 0);
                    }
             }
             else
             {
                 $image->cropImage($crop_w, $crop_h, $crop_x, $crop_y);
                 $image->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, true );
                 $canvas->addImage( $image );
                 $canvas->setImagePage($width, $height, 0, 0);
             }
             $image->destroy();
             $this->image = $canvas;
     }
}

// 添加水印图片
public function add_watermark($path, $x = 0, $y = 0)
{
        $watermark = new Imagick($path);
        $draw = new ImagickDraw();
        $draw->composite($watermark->getImageCompose(), $x, $y, $watermark->getImageWidth(), $watermark->getimageheight(), $watermark);

     if($this->type==’gif’)
     {
         $image = $this->image;
            $canvas = new Imagick();
         $images = $image->coalesceImages();
         foreach($image as $frame)
         {
                $img = new Imagick();
             $img->readImageBlob($frame);
                $img->drawImage($draw);
                $canvas->addImage( $img );
                $canvas->setImageDelay( $img->getImageDelay() );
            }
            $image->destroy();
         $this->image = $canvas;
     }
     else
     {
         $this->image->drawImage($draw);
     }
}

// 添加水印文字
public function add_text($text, $x = 0 , $y = 0, $angle=0, $style=array())
{
        $draw = new ImagickDraw();
        if(isset($style['font'])) $draw->setFont($style['font']);
        if(isset($style['font_size'])) $draw->setFontSize($style['font_size']);
     if(isset($style['fill_color'])) $draw->setFillColor($style['fill_color']);
     if(isset($style['under_color'])) $draw->setTextUnderColor($style['under_color']);
     if($this->type==’gif’)
     {
         foreach($this->image as $frame)
         {
             $frame->annotateImage($draw, $x, $y, $angle, $text);
         }
     }
     else
     {
         $this->image->annotateImage($draw, $x, $y, $angle, $text);
     }
}
// 保存到指定路径
public function save_to( $path )
{
     if($this->type==’gif’)
     {
         $this->image->writeImages($path, true);
     }
     else
     {
         $this->image->writeImage($path);
     }
}

// 输出图像
public function output($header = true)
{
     if($header) header(‘Content-type: ‘.$this->type);
     echo $this->image->getImagesBlob(); 
}

public function get_width()
{
        $size = $this->image->getImagePage();
        return $size['width'];
}
public function get_height()
{
     $size = $this->image->getImagePage();
        return $size['height'];
}

// 设置图像类型, 默认与源类型一致
public function set_type( $type=’png’ )
{
     $this->type = $type;
        $this->image->setImageFormat( $type );
}

// 获取源图像类型
public function get_type()
{
  return $this->type;
}

// 当前对象是否为图片
public function is_image()
{
  if( $this->image )
   return true;
  else
   return false;
}

public function thumbnail($width = 100, $height = 100, $fit = true){ $this->image->thumbnailImage( $width, $height, $fit );} // 生成缩略图 $fit为真时将保持比例并在安全框 $width X $height 内生成缩略图片

/*
添加一个边框
$width: 左右边框宽度
$height: 上下边框宽度
$color: 颜色: RGB 颜色 ‘rgb(255,0,0)’ 或 16进制颜色 ‘#FF0000′ 或颜色单词 ‘white’/'red’…
*/
public function border($width, $height, $color=’rgb(220, 220, 220)’)
{
  $color=new ImagickPixel();
  $color->setColor($color);
  $this->image->borderImage($color, $width, $height);
}
public function blur($radius, $sigma){$this->image->blurImage($radius, $sigma);} // 模糊
public function gaussian_blur($radius, $sigma){$this->image->gaussianBlurImage($radius, $sigma);} // 高斯模糊
public function motion_blur($radius, $sigma, $angle){$this->image->motionBlurImage($radius, $sigma, $angle);} // 运动模糊
public function radial_blur($radius){$this->image->radialBlurImage($radius);} // 径向模糊

public function add_noise($type=null){$this->image->addNoiseImage($type==null?imagick::NOISE_IMPULSE:$type);} // 添加噪点
public function level($black_point, $gamma, $white_point){$this->image->levelImage($black_point, $gamma, $white_point);} // 调整色阶
public function modulate($brightness, $saturation, $hue){$this->image->modulateImage($brightness, $saturation, $hue);} // 调整亮度、饱和度、色调

public function charcoal($radius, $sigma){$this->image->charcoalImage($radius, $sigma);} // 素描
public function oil_paint($radius){$this->image->oilPaintImage($radius);} // 油画效果
public function flop(){$this->image->flopImage();} // 水平翻转
public function flip(){$this->image->flipImage();} // 垂直翻转

}


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